Equity is a term that you’ve probably heard thrown around in finance, but do you really know what it means? Don’t worry, you’re not alone! Equity is a fundamental concept in investing, and it’s important to understand how it works.



What is Equity

Let’s start with the basics. Equity is simply ownership in something. When you own equity in a company, you own a portion of that company. This can come in the form of stocks or shares, which represent a percentage of ownership in the company. The more shares you own, the more equity you have.

Why is equity important?

But why is equity important? Well, it’s because equity represents the value of a company. If a company has a high equity value, it’s generally considered to be a good investment. This is because investors believe that the company will continue to grow and become more valuable over time.


Now, let’s look at some real-life examples. One of the most well-known companies in the world is Apple. As of April 2023, Apple has a market capitalization of over $2 trillion. That means the total value of all Apple’s outstanding shares is over $2 trillion. If you own Apple stock, you own a small portion of that $2 trillion.

This is why owning stock in a company like Apple can be very valuable.

Another example

Another example is Amazon. Amazon has grown incredibly quickly over the past few years, and as of April 2023, it has a market capitalization of over $1.8 trillion. If you had bought Amazon stock 10 years ago, you would have seen an incredible return on your investment.

This is because the value of Amazon has skyrocketed, and as a shareholder, you would have benefited from that growth.

Equity also come in the form of real estate

But equity isn’t just limited to stocks and shares. It can also come in the form of real estate. If you own a home, you have equity in that home. This is because the value of your home has likely increased since you bought it, and as a result, you now own a portion of that increased value.

If you were to sell your home, you would receive the sale price minus the remaining balance on your mortgage. This is your equity.

Equity in startups

Equity is also important in startups. When a company is first starting out, it may not have any revenue or profits. Instead, it relies on investors to provide funding in exchange for equity. As the company grows and becomes more valuable, the equity that these investors own becomes more valuable as well.

This is why investing in startups can be so lucrative – if you invest in a company that becomes the next Apple or Amazon, you could see a huge return on your investment.


In conclusion, equity is a fundamental concept in investing that’s important to understand. Whether you’re investing in stocks, real estate, or startups, equity represents ownership in something that has the potential to grow in value over time.

So, if you’re looking to invest your money wisely, it’s important to pay attention to equity and how it can impact your investment returns. And who knows, maybe you’ll invest in the next Apple or Amazon and become a millionaire!

You might want to read How to Pick the Right Dividend Stocks for Your Portfolio

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